(PPT) Child Abuse Outline | Ayrin Ace - harlanpds.gq

 

child abuse outline

Any person may report suspected child abuse, neglect, or exploitation. Anonymous reports are accepted from individuals who are not mandated by occupation to report, but please consider identifying yourself. Being able to contact you later helps the Children's Division staff complete a more thorough investigation. Outlines the legal definition of child abuse and neglect, the different types of abuse and neglect, and the signs and symptoms of abuse and neglect. Resources about the impact of trauma on well-being also are included in this factsheet. Step 1: Recipient email address(es) (First one is Required) Step 2: From Email Address (Required). Sample Essay On Child Abuse. In the case of emotional abuse, it occurs when a parent or a caregiver harms the child's mental and social development and consequently, causes the child severe emotional harm (McCoy 46). Lastly, there is child neglect, which involves a parent or caregiver and does not give a care, supervision.


Child Abuse Free Essay Samples & Outline | harlanpds.gq


Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Child maltreatment is a devastating social problem in American society.

Inover 2 million cases of child abuse and neglect were reported to social service agencies. In the period throughabout 2, child deaths ages were recorded annually as a result of abuse and neglect McClain et al, child abuse outline. However tragic and sensational, the counts of deaths and serious injuries provide limited insight into the pervasive long-term social, behavioral, and cognitive consequences of child abuse and neglect. Reports of child maltreatment alone also reveal little about the interactions among individuals, families, communities, and society that lead to such incidents.

American society has not yet recognized the complex origins or the profound consequences of child victimization. The services required for children who have been abused or neglected, including medical care, child abuse outline, family counseling, foster care, and specialized education, are expensive and are often subsidized by governmental funds.

Equally disturbing, research suggests that child maltreatment cases are highly related to social problems such as juvenile delinquency, substance abuse, and violence, child abuse outline, which require additional services and severely affect the quality of life for many American families.

The challenges of conducting research in the field of child maltreatment are enormous. Although we understand comparatively little about the causes, definitions, treatment, and prevention of child abuse and neglect, we do know enough to recognize that the origins and consequences of child child abuse outline are not confined to the months or years in which reported incidents actually occurred.

For those who survive, the long-term consequences of child maltreatment appear to be more damaging to victims and their families, and more costly for society, than the immediate or acute injuries themselves. Yet little is invested in understanding the factors that predispose, mitigate, or prevent the behavioral and social consequences of child maltreatment. The panel has identified five key reasons why child maltreatment research should be viewed as a central nexus of more comprehensive research activity.

Research on child maltreatment can provide scientific child abuse outline that will help with the solution of a broad range of individual and social disorders. Research in this field is demonstrating that experiences with child abuse and neglect are a major child abuse outline of many child and adult mental and behavioral child abuse outline, including delayed development, poor academic performance, delinquency, depression, alcoholism, substance abuse, deviant sexual behaviors, and domestic and criminal violence.

Many forms of child abuse and neglect are treatable and avoidable, and many severe consequences of child maltreatment can be diminished with proper attention and assistance. Research on child abuse and neglect provides an opportunity for society to address, and ultimately prevent, a range of individual and social disorders that impair the health and quality of life of millions of America's children as well as their families and communities.

Research on child maltreatment can provide insights and knowledge that can directly benefit victims of child abuse and neglect and their families. Individuals who have been victimized as a result of child maltreatment deserve to have research efforts dedicated to their experience, in the same manner as our society invests in scientific research for burn victims, victims of genetic or infectious diseases, or those who are subjected to other forms of trauma.

Yet the families of child abuse and neglect victims are often not active in social and political organizations. Unable to speak for themselves or employ paid representatives to promote their interests, they have been discounted and overlooked in the process of determining what social problems deserve public resources and attention from the American research community. Research on child maltreatment can reduce long-term economic costs associated with treating the consequences of child maltreatment.

Economic issues must also be considered in evaluating long-term treatment costs and loss of earnings associated with the child abuse outline of child victimization. Research on child maltreatment can provide empirical evidence to improve the quality of many legal and organizational decisions that have broad-based social implications. Government officials, judges, legislators, social service personnel, child welfare advocates, and others make hundreds of crucial decisions each day about the lives and futures of child victims and their offenders.

These decisions include the selection of cases of suspected child abuse and neglect for investigation child abuse outline determinations about which children should remain with families in which abuse has occurred.

Individuals making such decisions will benefit from informed guidance on the effectiveness and consequences of various social interventions that address child maltreatment. Such guidance can evolve from research on the outcomes of alternative responses to reports of child abuse and neglect, results of therapeutic and social service interventions, and cost-effectiveness studies. For example, research that describes the conditions under which child abuse outline counseling and family preservation efforts are effective has tremendous implications for the importance child abuse outline attachment relationships for children and the disruption of these relationships brought on by foster care.

Research in the field of child maltreatment studies is relatively undeveloped when compared with related fields such as child development, so- child abuse outline. Although no specific theory about the causes of child abuse and neglect has been substantially replicated across studies, significant progress has been gained in the past few decades in identifying the dimensions of complex phenomena that contribute to the origins of child maltreatment.

Efforts to improve the quality of research on any group of children are dependent on the value that society assigns to the potential inherent in young lives. Although more adults are available in American society today as service providers to care for children than was the case inchild abuse outline, a disturbing number of recent reports have concluded that American children are in trouble Fuchs and Reklis, child abuse outline, ; National Commission on Children, ; Children's Defense Fund, Efforts to encourage greater investments in research on children will be futile unless broader structural and social issues can be addressed within our society.

Research on general problems of violence, substance addiction, social inequality, unemployment, poor education, and the treatment of children in the social services system is incomplete without attention to child maltreatment issues. Research on child maltreatment can play a key role in informing major social policy decisions concerning the services that should be made available to children, especially children in families or neighborhoods that experience significant stress and violence.

As a nation, we already have developed laws and regulatory approaches to reduce and prevent childhood injuries and deaths through actions such as restricting hot water temperatures and requiring mandatory child restraints in automobiles. These important precedents suggest how research on risk factors can provide informed guidance child abuse outline social efforts to protect all of Child abuse outline children in both familial and other settings. Not only has our society invested relatively little in research on children, but we also have invested even less in research on children whose families are characterized by multiple problems, such as poverty, substance abuse, violence, welfare dependency, and child maltreatment.

In part, child abuse outline, this slower development is influenced by the complexities of research on major social problems. But the state of research on this topic could be advanced more rapidly with increased investment of funds. In the competition for scarce research funds, the child abuse outline in child maltreatment research needs to be understood in the context of bias, prejudice, and the lack of a clear political constituency for children in general and disadvantaged children in particular Children's Defense Fund, ; National Commission on Children, child abuse outline, Factors such as racism, ethnic discrimination, sexism, class bias, institutional and professional jealousies, and social inequities influence the development of our national research agenda Bell,Huston, The roles of culture, ethnic values, and economic factors pervade the development of parenting practices and family dynamics.

In setting a research agenda for this field, ethnic diversity and multiple cultural perspectives are essential to improve the quality child abuse outline the research program and to overcome systematic biases that have restricted its development.

Researchers must address ethical and legal issues that present unique obligations and dilemmas regarding selection of subjects, provision of services, and disclosure of data. For example, researchers who discover an undetected incident of child abuse in the course of an interview are required by state laws to disclose the identities of the victim and offender sif known, to appropriate child welfare officials.

These mandatory reporting requirements, adopted in the interests of protecting children, may actually cause long-term damage to children by restricting the scope of research studies and discouraging scientists from developing the knowledge base necessary to guide social interventions.

Substantial efforts are now required to reach beyond the limitations of current knowledge and to gain new insights that can improve the quality of social service efforts and public policy decisions affecting the health and welfare of abused and neglected children and their families. Most important, collaborative long-term research ventures are necessary to diminish social, child abuse outline, professional, and institutional prejudices that have restricted the development of a comprehensive knowledge base that can improve understanding of, and response to, child maltreatment.

The human dimensions of child maltreatment are enormous and tragic. The U. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect has called the problem of child maltreatment ''an epidemic" in American society, one that requires a critical national emergency response. The scale and severity of child abuse and neglect has caused various public and private organizations to mobilize efforts to raise public awareness of individual cases and societal trends, to improve the reporting and tracking of child maltreatment cases, to strengthen the responses of social service systems, and to develop an effective and fair system for protecting and offering services to victims while also punishing adults who deliberately harm children or place them in danger.

Over the past several decades, a growing number of state and federal funding programs, governmental reports, specialized journals, and research centers, child abuse outline, as well as national and international societies and conferences, have examined various dimensions of the problem of child maltreatment. The results of these efforts have been inconsistent and uneven.

In addressing aspects of each new revelation of abuse or each promising new intervention, research efforts often have become diffuse, child abuse outline, fragmented, specific, and narrow. What is lacking is a coordinated approach and a general conceptual framework that can add new depth to our understanding of child maltreatment. A coordinated approach can accommodate diverse perspectives while providing direction and guidance in establishing research priorities and synthesizing research knowledge.

Organizational mechanisms are also needed to facilitate the application and integration of research on child maltreatment in related areas such as child development, family violence, substance abuse, and juvenile delinquency.

Child maltreatment is not a new problem, child abuse outline, yet concerted service, research, and policy attention toward it is just beginning. Although isolated studies of child maltreatment appeared in the medical and sociological literature in the first half of the twentieth century, the publication of "The Battered Child Syndrome" by C. Henry Kempe and associates is generally considered the first definitive paper in the field in the United States. The efforts of Kempe and others to publicize disturbing medical experience with child abuse and neglect led to the passage of the first Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act in P.

The act, which has been amended several times most recently inchild abuse outline, established a governmental program designed to guide and consolidate national and state data collection efforts regarding reports of child abuse and neglect, conduct national surveys of household violence, and sponsor research and demonstration programs to prevent, child abuse outline, identify, and treat child abuse and neglect.

However, the federal government's leadership role in building a research base in this area has been complicated by changes and inconsistencies in research child abuse outline and priorities, limited funding, politicized peer review, child abuse outline, fragmentation of effort among various federal agencies, poorly scheduled proposal review deadlines, and bias introduced by competing institutional objectives. The role of the National Center for Child Abuse and Neglect as the lead federal agency in supporting research in this field has been sharply criticized U.

Advisory Board, Many observers believe that the federal government lacks leadership, funding, and an effective research child abuse outline for studies on child maltreatment. Child maltreatment was originally seen in the form of "the battered child," often portrayed in terms of child abuse outline abuse.

Today, four general categories of child maltreatment are generally recognized: 1 physical. Each category covers a range of behaviors, as discussed in Chapter 2, child abuse outline. These four categories have become the focus of separate studies of incidence and prevalence, etiology, prevention, consequences, and treatment, with uneven development of research within each area and poor integration of knowledge across areas.

Each category has developed its own typology and framework of reference terms, revealing certain similarities such as the importance of developmental perspectives in considering the consequences of maltreatment but also important differences such as the predatory behavior associated with some forms of sexual abuse that do not appear in the etiology of other forms of child maltreatment.

In addition to the category of child maltreatment, the duration, child abuse outline, source, intensity, timing, and situational context of incidents of child victimization are now recognized as important factors in studying the origin and consequences of child maltreatment, child abuse outline. Yet information about these factors is rarely requested or recorded by social agencies or health professionals in the process of identifying or documenting reports of child maltreatment.

Furthermore, research is often weakened by variation in research definitions of child maltreatment, bias in the recruitment of research subjects, the absence of information regarding circumstances surrounding maltreatment reports, child abuse outline, the absence of measures to assess selected variables under study, and the absence of a developmental perspective in many research studies.

The co-occurrence of different forms of child maltreatment has been examined only to a limited extent, child abuse outline. Relatively little is known about areas of similarity and differences in terms of causes, consequences, prevention, child abuse outline, and treatment of selected child abuse outline of child abuse and neglect.

Inconsistencies in definitions often preclude comparative analyses of clinical studies. For example, studies of sexual abuse have indicated wide variations in its prevalence, often as a result of differences in the types of behavior that might be included in the definition adopted by each research investigator. Emotional abuse is also a matter of controversy in some quarters, primarily because of broad variations in its definition.

Research on child maltreatment child abuse outline also complicated by the fragmentation of services and responses by which our society addresses specific reports of child abuse outline maltreatment. Cases may involve children who are victims or witnesses to single or repeated incidents of child abuse and neglect.

Sadly, child maltreatment often involves various family members, relatives, child abuse outline, or other individuals who reside in the homes or neighborhoods of the affected children.

Adult figures may be perpetrators of offensive incidents or mediators in intervention or prevention efforts. The importance of the social ecological framework of the child has only recently been recognized in studies of maltreatment. Responses to child abuse and neglect involve a variety of social institutions, including commu- child abuse outline.

Such groups and organizations present special intervention opportunities to reduce the scale and scope of the problem of child maltreatment, child abuse outline, but their activities are often poorly documented and uncoordinated. Finally, governmental offices at the local, state, and federal levels have legal and social obligations to develop programs and resources to address child maltreatment, and their role is critical in developing a research agenda for this field.

In the past, the research agenda has been determined predominantly by pragmatic needs in the development and delivery of treatment and prevention services rather than by theoretical paradigms, a process that facilitates short-term studies of specialized research priorities but impedes the development of a well-organized, child abuse outline, coherent body of scientific knowledge that can contribute over time to understanding fundamental principles and issues.

As a result, the research in this field has been generally viewed by the scientific community as fragmented, diffuse, child abuse outline, decentralized, and of poor quality, child abuse outline. Despite this quantity of literature, researchers child abuse outline agree that the quality of research on child maltreatment is relatively weak in comparison to health and social science research child abuse outline in areas such as family systems and child development.

Only a few prospective studies of child maltreatment have been undertaken, child abuse outline, and most studies rely on the use of clinical samples which may exclude important segments of the research population or adult memories. Both types of samples are problematic and can produce biased child abuse outline. Clinical samples may not be representative child abuse outline all cases of child maltreatment.

For example, we know from epidemiologic studies of disease of cases that were derived from hospital records that, unless the phenomenon of interest always comes to a service provider for treatment, there exist undetected and untreated cases in the general population that are often quite different from those who have sought treatment.

 

1 INTRODUCTION | Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect | The National Academies Press

 

child abuse outline

 

Outline of speech on: Child Abuse Child abuse is the physical or psychological mistreatment of a child by his or her parents (including adoptive parents), guardians. While this term emphasizes on carrying out wrong acts, a related term is child neglect: not doing what is necessary, negligence.3/5. Any person may report suspected child abuse, neglect, or exploitation. Anonymous reports are accepted from individuals who are not mandated by occupation to report, but please consider identifying yourself. Being able to contact you later helps the Children's Division staff complete a more thorough investigation. Sample Essay On Child Abuse. In the case of emotional abuse, it occurs when a parent or a caregiver harms the child's mental and social development and consequently, causes the child severe emotional harm (McCoy 46). Lastly, there is child neglect, which involves a parent or caregiver and does not give a care, supervision.