How to Write a Literature Review | A Step-by-Step Guide


literature review steps

Steps in Conducting a Literature Review Conducting a literature review involves using research databases to identify materials that cover or are related in some sense to the research topic. In some cases the research topic may be so original in its scope that no one has done anything exactly like it, so research that is at least similar or Author: Maria Atilano. May 09,  · From daunting to doable in six steps The process of literature search and composing a formal literature review can be intimidating. But masters and doctoral candidates in Education and related fields have found academic argumentation to be seamlessly intuitive with the /5(45). Steps of Conducting a Literature Review Essay. To conduct a literature review, the basic requirement is collecting the outside research work from valid, authentic and reliable sources. An approved or winning example of a literature review in a research paper is enough to describe the steps of conducting a literature review, let’s have a look:5/5.

Literature Review Tips: 5 Steps to an Outstanding Paper

If you're writing a doctoral-level dissertation in the sciences or humanities, you'll most likely be required to include a literature review. A well-written review brings together the previous work done in your field and places an emphasis upon established points relevant to your topic. This shows your dissertation committee that you're well-read in your specialty area and can contextualize your work within larger conversations in your field.

To write a literature review for a dissertation, start with an introduction that gives an overview of the topic. In this overview, emphasize the topic's importance, identify recent research, and clarify how that research applies to the body of your dissertation. In your review, summarize 40 to 50 different sources in a way that provides an analysis of their strengths, literature review steps. As you write, be sure to maintain your own writing voice by trying to think of it as a conversation between yourself and the sources.

For more advice from our academic co-author, including how to research formatting guidelines, read on! This article was co-authored by Christopher Taylor, Literature review steps. Categories: Theses and Dissertations Literature Reviews.

There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Understand the formatting and content guidelines. Before you begin writing, check the guidelines specified by your department or university.

If you're not sure which formatting guidelines you should be following, ask your committee chair or major professor. Collect at least 50 relevant literature sources within your field. Once you know your topic and the guidelines for review, you must start collecting relevant literature. In nearly all cases, appropriate academic sources for a lit review include book chapters, published and unpublished dissertations, and academic journal articles.

Peruse your library catalog and relevant scholarly databases until you've found at least 50 sources. Take some time to understand the studies and arguments contained in the published literature. While not all fields will require 50 sources and some may require moreit's a good ballpark figure to start with. Make sure that you identify the major and minor fields that your dissertation fits into.

Discuss this with your committee and make a list of key terms and concepts to help you as you start collecting sources. Read and analyze all of your sources before you begin writing. Once you have collected literature review steps the literature you'll need for the review, start reading the pieces and organize them in a way that helps you while writing. Develop a helpful system for yourself and stick with it! If you start writing the lit review before you've read all of your sources, you may end up having to delete and revise what you've written.

When literature review steps notes, ask questions like: [3] What research methods do the scholars whose work you're reading use? What conflicts have cropped up between different schools of thought? How have theories in the field changed over time? What names and ideas come up most frequently? Write an annotated bibliography to keep your sources organized. For each source that literature review steps read, include a citation, a descriptive paragraph of the source, literature review steps, and a brief evaluation of the content, literature review steps.

Having this information literature review steps each of your sources will make it easy for you to refresh your memory on what a source was about and quickly find the citation details as needed. Do not try to write several annotations at once. Include 4—6 subheadings in your lit review to increase readability.

These will break the content into smaller, more readable sections. For organizational purposes, label different subheadings with descriptive titles. Each of your subheadings will begin a section of your lit review that contains methodologically or chronologically similar lit sources.

You could have 1 subheading about online-based teaching, another about uses of technology in the classroom, and another about experience-based teaching. Organize sources around the most influential article in each subsection.

Within each of the 4—6 subheading categories, select 1 or 2 works that are the most important e. When synthesizing the other sources within the subsection, relate them back to these crucial 1—2 sources.

Present the sources chronologically within each section. Summarize and discuss the sources according to their date of publication, to show how trends and concepts in your field have evolved and changed with time. Tie the lit review to the body of your dissertation in the introduction. The introduction of your review needs to do 3 things.

The intro should also 2 identify important recent research and any recent controversies in the field. Write each entry in a way that blends summary and analysis. Your dissertation committee will probably be disappointed if your lit review does nothing more than summarize 40—50 different sources.

Synthesize different sources that take a similar approach literature review steps a topic, literature review steps. It would be impractical to devote a paragraph in your lit review to each individual source. So, find ways to group sources together within paragraphs. There are various ways to synthesize sources that include: [9] Synthesizing sources by method by comparing different academic works that follow a similar operating method this is especially prevalent in the literature review steps sciences Synthesizing sources by topic, since your lit review should be broad enough to cover at least 4—5 different subfields within your literature review steps of study.

Maintain your own writing voice when composing the lit review. Aim to create a conversation between yourself and the sources you have read. Proofread your lit review before moving on with your dissertation.

Once you have written the review, literature review steps, it is important to literature review steps the entire chapter before moving ahead. Reread your review to catch mistakes in sentence mechanics, grammar, and spelling. Reviewing your work will also give you a chance to expand on any sections that seem short or underdeveloped. Include your email address literature review steps get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other.

Tips Give yourself at least months to write the literature review. If you're seriously struggling to write your literature review, you can consult a professional editorial company to help you write your review. Edit Related wikiHows. Article Summary X To write a literature review for a dissertation, start with an introduction that gives an overview of the topic.

Did this summary help you? Yes No. Did this article help you? Can you please put wikiHow on the whitelist for your ad blocker? Learn how. Cookies make wikiHow better. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. Co-Authored By:. Christopher Taylor, PhD. Co-authors: 5, literature review steps. Updated: June 13, Related Articles.


Welcome - Conducting a Literature Review - LibGuides at University of North Florida


literature review steps


Feb 22,  · You might also be assigned a literature review as a stand-alone paper. The content will look slightly different in each case, but the process of conducting a literature review will follow the same steps. Step 1: Collect, evaluate and select literature. Before you begin searching for literature, you need a narrowly defined topic/5(). Sep 08,  · What is a literature review? A literature review is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. Occasionally you will be asked to write one as a separate assignment, but more often it is part of the introduction to an essay, research report, or Diane Shepelwich. May 09,  · From daunting to doable in six steps The process of literature search and composing a formal literature review can be intimidating. But masters and doctoral candidates in Education and related fields have found academic argumentation to be seamlessly intuitive with the /5(45).