orientalism | english literature teacher

 

orientalism in english literature

english literature teacher. I am a senior English and Literature teacher and writer living in Melbourne. Over the years I have taught at Frankston High School, Haileybury and McKinnon Secondary College in the south-eastern suburbs. I have also taught overseas for the ISTEK Vakfi in Istanbul, Turkey, and the Amman Baccalaureate School in Jordan. SOURCE: “Image of the Orient in English Literature—A Historical Survey,” in Orientalism in Lord Byron's “Turkish Tales,” Mellen University Press, , pp. [In the following. Orientalism is a book by Edward W. Said, in which the author discusses Orientalism, defined as the West's patronizing representations of "The East"—the societies and peoples who inhabit the places of Asia, North Africa, and the Middle East. According to Said, orientalism (the Western scholarship about the Eastern World) is inextricably tied to the imperialist societies who produced it Author: Edward W. Saïd.


English Literature: Orientalism


Orientalismorientalism in english literature, Western scholarly discipline of the 18th and 19th centuries that encompassed the study of the languagesliteraturesreligionsphilosophieshistories, artand laws of Asian societies, especially ancient ones. In the midth century, Orientalists began to favour the term Asian studies to describe their work, in an effort to distance it from the colonial and neocolonial associations of Orientalism.

More recently, mainly through the work of the Palestinian American scholar Edward Saidthe term has been used disparagingly to refer to the allegedly simplistic, stereotypedand demeaning conceptions of Arab and Asian cultures generally held by Western scholars. As a scholarly practice, Orientalism emerged in late 18th-century European centres of learning and their colonial outposts, when the study of the languages, literatures, religions, laws, and art of East Asian societies became a major focus of scholarly attention and intellectual energy.

In that era, the number of Europeans doing research on East Asia dramatically increased, and new forms of institutional support in universities and scholarly associations encouraged such studies and their dissemination. A frequent theme of that scholarship was that Asia had once been host to great civilizations that had since fallen into their current state of decay.

Many Orientalists, as they came to be called, were connected to a colonial bureaucracybut others were not, and their positions on colonialism varied.

Orientalism as a scholarly field was dominated by research in the FrenchEnglishand German languages and associated centres of learning, and its subjects ranged geographically from the North African Mediterranean to East and Southeast Asia. One of the most significant discoveries of Orientalists was that Sanskrit and many European languages were related orientalism in english literature each other, which implied that Europe and India shared historical origins.

That orientalism in english literature has been credited with giving rise to the comparative method in the humanities and social sciences. In the wake of that Orientalist research, scholars and artists took up ideas about Asian societies, orientalism in english literature, and traditions in their intellectual and creative works, and images of and ideas about Asia or specific peoples or parts of it became common tropes in popular literature and even decor.

Thus, Orientalism was a significant philosophical and aesthetic movement that reached well beyond the specialized circle of Orientalist scholars, especially in the 19th century.

The Orientalists, in contrast, insisted on the primacy of local laws and traditions; some of those Orientalists conducted research on ancient or traditional Indian laws orientalism in english literature legal structures in an effort to codify them for use by a colonial bureaucracy. Ironically, however, British efforts to understand, codify, and govern according to what they believed to be local tradition often brought about significant changes in social and political life in India.

Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Written By: Megan C. See Article History. Start your free trial today for unlimited access to Orientalism in english literature. Languagea system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, orientalism in english literature, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves.

The functions of language include communication, the expression of identity, play, imaginative expression, and emotional release. Literaturea body of written works, orientalism in english literature. The name has traditionally been applied to those imaginative works of poetry and prose distinguished by the intentions of their authors and the perceived aesthetic excellence of their execution.

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Orientalism | cultural field of study | harlanpds.gq

 

orientalism in english literature

 

Orientalism as a scholarly field was dominated by research in the French, English, and German languages and associated centres of learning, and its subjects ranged geographically from the North African Mediterranean to East and Southeast Asia. In the chequered projection of the Orientalism in English Literature, more often than not negative, Kidwai not only sheds light on the Western representation of the East marred by chasm, misperceptions, misprojection, hostility towards Islam/Muslims, and particularly repulsive image of the Prophet (PBUH), he also applauds many English writers. The general tone of his book "Orientalism" depicts western Orientalists as persistently reinventing the near and Middle East in self-serving, eurocentric terms; as seen through Western eyes, "the Orient" emerges as a passive, backward world, monolithic in nature and exotic in its alienism, a realm ideally created to sustain the West's daydream of harlanpds.gq: Kashyap Deepak.