Sleep Apnea Articles


sleep apnea articles

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that occurs when a person's breathing is interrupted during with untreated sleep apnea stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep, sometimes. Obstructive sleep apnea is an underrecognized and underdiagnosed medical condition, with a myriad of negative consequences on patients' health and society as a whole. Symptoms include daytime sleepiness, loud snoring, and restless sleep. While the “gold standard” of diagnosis is by Cited by: 7. Sep 09,  · Aug. 13, — The 'double whammy' of co-occurring insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea is a complex problem best managed with non-drug targeted psych interventions, a .

Sleep Apnea | National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

These include obesity, large tonsils, endocrine disorders, neuromuscular disorders, heart or kidney failure, certain genetic syndromes, and premature birth. Obesity is a common cause of sleep apnea in adults. People with this condition have increased fat deposits in their necks that can block the upper airway. The endocrine system produces hormone that can affect sleep-related breathing.

The following are examples of endocrine disorders associated with sleep apnea:. Conditions interfering with brain signals to airway and chest muscles can cause sleep apnea. Some of these conditions are strokeamyotrophic lateral sclerosisChiari malformationsmyotonic dystrophypost-polio syndromedermatomyositismyasthenia gravisand Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome.

Sleep apnea is commonly found in people who have advanced heart or kidney failure. These patients may have fluid build-up in their neck, which can obstruct the upper airway and cause sleep apnea. Genetic syndromes that affect the structure of the face or skull, particularly syndromes that cause smaller facial bones or cause the tongue to sleep apnea articles farther back in the mouth, may cause sleep apnea.

These genetic syndromes include cleft lip and cleft palateDown syndrome and congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. Babies born before 37 weeks of pregnancy have a higher risk for breathing problems during sleep. In most cases, the risk decreases as the brain matures.

There are many risk factors for sleep apnea. Some risk factors, such as unhealthy lifestyle habits and environments, can be changed. Other risk factors, such as age, family history and genetics, race and ethnicity, and sex, sleep apnea articles be changed.

Heathy lifestyle changes can decrease your risk for developing sleep apnea, sleep apnea articles. Sleep apnea can occur at any age. The risk for sleep apnea increases as you get older. In younger adults, sleep apnea is more common in men than in women, but the difference decreases later in life.

Normal age-related changes in how the brain controls breathing during sleep partially explain the increased risk as you get older. Another possible reason is that as we age, more fatty tissue builds up in the neck and the tongue.

Drinking alcohol, sleep apnea articles, smoking, and overweight or obesity can increase your risk for sleep apnea. Researchers have identified family history as a risk factor for sleep apnea, but maintaining a healthy lifestyle can decrease this risk.

Studies in twins have shown that sleep apnea can be inherited. Some of the gene related to sleep apnea are associated with the structural development of the face and skull and with how the brain controls sleep and breathing during sleep. Some genes are also associated with obesity and inflammation.

In the United States, sleep apnea is more sleep apnea articles among blacks, Hispanics, and Native Americans than among whites, sleep apnea articles. To screen for sleep apnea, your doctor will review your medical history and symptoms.

To prevent sleep apnea, your doctor may recommend healthy lifestyle changes. To screen for sleep apnea or other sleep disorders, your doctor may ask you sleep apnea articles common signs and symptoms of this condition, such as how sleepy you feel during the day or when driving, and whether you or your partner has noticed that you snore, stop sleep apnea articles, or gasp during your sleep. Your doctor may ask questions to assess your risk for developing this condition and take your physical measurements.

Your doctor will also want to see whether you have any complications of undiagnosed sleep apnea, such as high blood pressure that is difficult to control. If the screening suggests a sleep breathing disorder, you may get a referral to a sleep apnea articles specialist to help confirm a diagnosis.

If you are concerned about having risk factors for developing sleep apnea, ask your doctor to recommend healthy lifestyle changes, including eating a heart-healthy dietsleep apnea articles, aiming for a healthy weightquitting smokingsleep apnea articles, and limiting alcohol intake. Your doctor may recommend that you sleep on your side and adopt healthy sleep habits such as getting the recommended amount of sleep. Common sleep apnea signs and symptoms are snoring or gasping during sleep; reduced or absent breathing, called apnea events; and sleepiness, sleep apnea articles.

Undiagnosed or untreated sleep apnea articles apnea prevents restful sleep and can cause complications that may affect many parts of sleep apnea articles body. Common signs of sleep apnea:. Common symptoms of sleep apnea:.

Did you know that sleep apnea symptoms may be different for women and children compared with men? Women who have sleep apnea more often report headache, sleep apnea articles, fatigue, depression, anxiety, insomnia, and sleep disruption. Children may experience bedwetting, asthma exacerbations, hyperactivity, and learning and academic performance issues. This increases your blood pressure and heart rate and wakes you from sleep so that your upper airway can open. These cycles of decreased and increased blood oxygen levels can cause inflammation that may contribute to atherosclerosis, the buildup of plaque in blood vessels, which can increase the risk of heart attack or stroke.

Chronic inflammation can also damage the pancreas and lead to type 2 diabetes. Your doctor may diagnose sleep apnea based on your medical history, a physical exam, and results from a sleep study. Before diagnosing you with sleep apnea, your doctor will rule out other medical reasons or conditions that may be causing your signs and symptoms. During the physical exam, sleep apnea articles, your doctor will look for signs of other conditions that can increase your risk for sleep sleep apnea articles, such as obesity, large tonsils, narrowing of the upper airway, or a large neck circumference.

A neck circumference greater than 17 inches for men or 16 inches for women is considered large. Your doctor will check your lungs, heart, and neurological systems to see whether you have any common complications of sleep apnea. To diagnose sleep apnea or another sleep disorder, your doctor may refer you to a sleep specialist or a center for a sleep study.

Sleep studies can be done in a special center or at home, sleep apnea articles. Studies at a sleep center can:. Your doctor may be able to diagnose mild, moderate, or severe sleep apnea based on the number of sleep apnea events you have in an hour during the sleep study, sleep apnea articles.

Visit Sleep Studies for more information. Did you know that sleep studies can help determine which type of sleep apnea you have? Sleep studies can monitor the movement of your muscles and help determine breathing patterns and whether you have obstructive or central sleep apnea.

Sleep studies of patients with obstructive sleep apnea often show an sleep apnea articles in breathing muscle activity when muscles try to open an obstructed upper airway. In contrast, sleep studies of patients with central sleep apnea tend to show decreased activity in chest muscles, which can lead to periods of slowed or no breathing.

Your doctor may order the following tests to help rule out other medical conditions that can cause sleep apnea:. Your doctor will also want to know whether you are using medicines, such as opioids, that could be affecting your sleep or causing breathing symptoms of sleep apnea. Your doctor may want to know whether you have traveled recently to altitudes greater than 6, feet, because these low-oxygen environments can cause symptoms of sleep apnea for a few weeks after traveling.

If you are diagnosed with sleep apnea, your doctor may make recommendations to help you maintain an open airway during sleep. These could include healthy lifestyle changes or a breathing device such as a positive airway pressure PAP machine, mouthpiece, or implant. Talk to your doctor. Depending on the type and severity of your sleep apnea and your needs and preferences, other treatments may be possible.

To help control or treat your sleep apnea, your doctor may recommend that you adopt lifelong healthy lifestyle changes. A breathing device, such as a CPAP machine, sleep apnea articles, is the most commonly recommended treatment for patients with sleep apnea, sleep apnea articles.

If your doctor prescribes a CPAP or other breathing device, be sure to continue your doctor-recommended healthy lifestyle changes. Read Living With to learn more about properly caring for your breathing device. Mouthpieces, or oral appliances, are typically custom-fit devices that you wear while you sleep.

There are two types of mouthpieces that work differently to open the upper airway. Some hybrid mouthpieces have features of both types. Your doctor may prescribe a mouthpiece if you have mild sleep apnea or if your apnea occurs only when you are lying on your back.

To get your mouthpiece, your doctor may recommend that you visit a dentist or an orthodontist, a type of dentist who specializes in correcting teeth or jaw problems. These specialists will ensure that the oral appliance is custom fit to your mouth and jaw. Implants can sleep apnea articles some people with sleep apnea. Some devices treat both obstructive and central sleep apnea. You must have surgery to place an implant in your body, sleep apnea articles.

The Food and Drug Administration has approved one implant as a treatment for sleep apnea. The device senses breathing patterns and delivers mild stimulation to certain muscles that open the airways during sleep.

More research is needed to determine how effective the implant is in treating central sleep apnea. A nerve stimulator can also treat sleep apnea. This treatment also involves surgery. A surgeon will insert a stimulator for the hypoglossal nerve, which controls tongue movement. Increasing stimulation of this nerve helps position the tongue to keep the upper airway open. Children and adults with sleep apnea may benefit from therapy for mouth and facial muscles, known as orofacial therapy.

This therapy helps improve tongue positioning and strengthen muscles that control the lips, tongue, soft palate, lateral pharyngeal wall, and face. You may need surgery if you have severe obstructive sleep apnea that does not respond to breathing devices such as a CPAP machine, or that is caused by visible obstruction to the upper airway, perhaps due to large tonsils, sleep apnea articles.

Possible surgical procedures include:. If surgery is considered as a possible treatment, talk to your doctor about the different types of surgical procedures, the risks and benefits of the procedures, potential discomfort, and the recovery time you will need after surgery.

If you have been diagnosed with sleep apnea, it is important that you adopt and maintain healthy lifestyle habits and use your prescribed treatment. Read more about how to use and care for your breathing device or mouthpiece, how your doctor may monitor whether your treatment is working, and when you may need a repeat sleep study. Learn other tips to keep you safe if you have sleep apnea. It is important that you properly use and care for your prescribed breathing device or mouthpiece.

If your doctor prescribed a breathing device or CPAP machine:. You should visit your doctor to monitor your response to treatment and see whether you have any complications that, if left untreated, can be life-threatening. Your doctor may do any of the following to monitor your condition.


Sleep Apnea | MedlinePlus


sleep apnea articles


May 30,  · Sleep apnea can be caused by a person’s physical structure or medical conditions. These include obesity, large tonsils, endocrine disorders, neuromuscular disorders, heart or kidney failure, certain genetic syndromes, and premature birth. Obesity . Sep 09,  · Aug. 13, — The 'double whammy' of co-occurring insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea is a complex problem best managed with non-drug targeted psych interventions, a . Sleep apnea is a common disorder that causes your breathing to stop or get very shallow while you sleep. Discover sleep apnea symptoms and treatment. Sleep apnea is a common disorder that causes your breathing to stop or get very shallow while you sleep. .